This Day in History

On May 21, 1881, Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross in Washington D.C., inspired by the international Red Cross movement she encountered in Europe during the Franco-Prussian War. The organization was established to provide emergency assistance, disaster relief, and education in the United States. Under Barton’s leadership, the American Red Cross played a critical role in improving the humanitarian response to disasters and the treatment of wounded soldiers, setting a precedent for future national and international aid efforts.